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The appearance of MUC1 CD dimers in MUCY YFP Fv transfectants indicates that th

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The appearance of MUC1 CD dimers in MUCY YFP Fv transfectants indicates that th

Сообщение  jy9202 в Пт Апр 11, 2014 11:15 am

However, even more striking effects were obtained in the presence of DHPCC 9, which allowed only a minority of the cells to move through the membranes. To obtain even more evidence to support our conclu sion that Pim kinases enhance cell motility, we transi ently overexpressed them in PC 3 cells and subjected cells to wound healing assays in the absence or Ivacaftor CFTR 阻害剤 presence of DHPCC 9. Indeed, cells overexpressing any of the three Pim family members migrated remarkably faster than mock transfected control cells, Furthermore, DHPCC 9 reduced the migration rates of Pim transfected cells almost to the levels of the control cells, As summarized in Figure 6B, the enhancing effects of Pim kinases on cell migration were comparable with each other, even though there was variation in their overexpression levels, As in the case of endogenous Pim expres sion, DHPCC 9 did not reduce expression of the V5 tagged Pim proteins, Moreover, when trans fected cells were subjected to MTT assay, no major changes were observed, indicating that the effects of Pim kinases on PC 3 cell motility were not due to enhanced proliferation.<br><br> In conclusion, our data with the Pim inhibitor as well as the Pim specific siR NAs and overexpression constructs suggest that the expression and activity of Pim family kinases are essen tial for both migration buy LBH589 and invasion of adherent cancer cells.<br><br> DHPCC 9 inhibits pro migratory effects of one of the Pim substrates, NFATc1 We next wanted to address the possibility LY2109761 費用 that the effects of Pim kinases on cell motility are at least partially mediated via NFATc transcription factors that we have previously identified as Pim targets, This was of interest, since there is endogenous NFATc activ ity in PC 3 cells and since NFATc factors have recently been implicated in cancer cell migration and invasion, When we transiently overexpressed FLAG tagged NFATc1 in PC 3 cells and subjected cells to wound healing assays in the absence or presence of DHPCC 9, we observed that cells overexpressing NFATc1 healed significantly faster than mock transfected cells, Yet cell viability or Pim expression levels were not affected by NFATc1 overexpression, as demon strated by Trypan blue staining and Western blotting, respectively, indicating that the effects of NFATc1 on PC 3 cell migration were not due to enhanced proliferation or Pim expression.<br><br> More inter estingly, the Pim kinase inhibitor DHPCC 9 was able to reduce migration of NFATc1 transfected cells to the same extent as of the control cells, while it did not significantly affect the expression levels of FLAG tagged NFATc1, Thus, these results suggest that Pim kinases promote cancer cell migration by regulating activity of NFATc transcription factors. Discussion In this study, we have characterized the biological effects of 1,10 dihydropyrrolo carbazole 3 carbaldehyde and demonstrated that it is an efficient cell permeable inhibitor targeting all human or murine Pim family kinases. We have shown that DHPCC 9 abrogates the anti apoptotic effects of Pim 1 in cytokine deprived FDCP1 myeloid cells, while it does not display general cytotoxicity at the micromolar concentrations used. DHPCC 9 treatment also inhibits intracellular phos phorylation of Pim substrates such as Bad.


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